Tag Archives: ancestry

Harappa Participant Admixture Group Averages

I have been reporting only individual admixture results for Harappa Project participants. I think it's way past time I posted some group averages too.

You can see the groups I have assigned participants and the current count for each group.

The average admixture results for each group are in a spreadsheet. This is using Reference 3. You can compare with the reference population results.

Here's the bar chart for participants group averages. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0211-HRP0220

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0211 to HRP0220.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

Do note that small percentages for your results can be noise.

HRP0211 seems like a typical Tamil Brahmin.

HRP0212 is half-Fijian, half Indian/Pakistani/Afghan. It looks like his Fijian ancestry shows up as Papuan and East Asian mostly.

HRP0213 is a Gujarati Khoja whose results are not just different from the Gujarati Patels (Gujarati A) but also from HRP0130, a Gujarati Ganchi and HapMap Gujarati B.

HRP0216 is an Iraqi Assyrian and is a little more European than the other Assyrians. The Onge, Papuan and American are likely noise.

HRP0217 and HRP0218 are Kazakhs and fairly similar to the other Kazakhs in the project.

This will probably be the last admixture analysis using Reference 3.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0201-HRP0210

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0201 to HRP0210.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

Do note that small percentages for your results can be noise.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0191-HRP0200

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0191 to HRP0200.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

HRP0193 is Georgian and has very similar results to HRP0138 and HRP0175.

HRP0200 is Kazakh and is closely related to HRP0089. Thus the difference there (American, Onge & Papuan components) is somewhat interesting, though not high enough to be certain that it's not noise.

HRP0197 and HRP0198 are Somali. HRP0197 pointed out to me that 14S_R1, a Somali in the reference set, was an outlier who was more like East African Bantu (e.g., Luhya) than the other reference Somalis. So in the table below, I have excluded 14S_R1 for the average.

Component RefAverage HRP00197 HRP00198
S Asian 0 2 2
Onge 4 0 1
E Asian 0 1 2
SW Asian 28 33 34
European 0 0 0
Siberian 0 2 1
W African 12 14 13
Papuan 0 0 0
American 0 0 1
San/Pygmy 2 3 2
E African 52 44 43

Interestingly, the two project participants are more Asian than the reference average.

Related Reading:

Ref3 + Yunusbayev Harappa Admixture Results

The ADMIXTURE results for the Harappa participants (up to HRP0180) for the Reference 3 + Yunusbayev dataset are in a spreadsheet and can also be seen in the bar charts below.

Do take a look at K=12 and K=17 (lowest crossvalidation errors) as well as K=15.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0181-HRP0190

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0181 to HRP0190.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

HRP0181 is half-Punjabi Jatt and half-English and the admixture results are not too different from the average of the reference British and our other Punjabi Jatt participants.

HRP0183, a Khatri, has fairly high European component, less than the Jatts but higher than most other South Asians.

HRP0186 is the most West Asian (and thus least European) of all our Georgian participants.

HRP0188,a Haryana Jatt, has the highest European component (29%) of all South Asians I think. I am surprised at the results for the two Haryana Jatts. I would not have expected their results to be much different from the Punjabi Jatts. If anything, I thought the Haryanavis would be less European than the Punjabis. Now I want to get a few non-Jatt Haryanavi participants. Anybody know someone?

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0171-HRP0180

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0171 to HRP0180.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

HRP0171 is our 2nd Tamil Vellalar from Sri Lanka and the results are similar to HRP0169.

HRP0172 has 1/16 Romani ancestry. The Onge component is about 0.4% which could be noise or possibly evidence of a South Asian connection via the Romany.

HRP0174 and HRP0176 are Kerala Nairs.

HRP0175 is a Georgian Svan and pretty similar to HRP0138 (who is Georgian but not sure which local ethnic group).

HRP0177 (Azeri) is a bit more northern European than HRP0083.

HRP0178, our first Punjabi Khatri, has admixture results more like the Punjabi Jatts than Punjabi Brahmins.

HRP0179, who is 7/8 Turkish and 1/8 Kurd, has the highest Siberian component (5%) other than the Kazakh participant.

HRP0180 is our first Pashtun even if he's only half-Pathan (the other half being English). I have heard grumblings on the net about the HGDP Pathans not being representative of the Pashtun tribes. If we use the HGDP Pathans and 1000genomes British averages to estimate HRP0180's recent ancestry, we get 45.5% Pashtun and 54.5% British. So it seems that the HGDP Pathan samples are reasonable for at least this individual.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0161-HRP0170

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0161 to HRP0170.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

HRP0161 is my mom.

HRP0169 is our first 100% Sri Lankan Tamil. Admixture results are close to the other non-Brahmin Tamils.

HRP0170 is a Haryana Jatt whose results match the other Haryana/UP Jatt.

Related Reading:

Admixture (Ref3 K=11) HRP0151-HRP0160

Here are the admixture results using Reference 3 for Harappa participants HRP0151 to HRP0160.

You can see the participant results in a spreadsheet as well as their ethnic breakdowns and the reference population results.

Here's our bar chart and table. Remember you can click on the legend or the table headers to sort.

If the above interactive charts are not working, here's a static bar graph.

There are several interesting participants here. HRP0151 is a quarter Nepalese and his/her results are actually quite odd. The East Asian ancestry shows up as Native American which is possible. I wonder if the quarter Chinese ancestry is not Han but rather some other Chinese ethnicity.

HRP0155 is Sri Lankan Sinhalese and has a lower Onge component than I expected.

HRP0158 is my Dad and has similar results as me (HRP0001).

Related Reading:

Harappa Participants Haplogroups

All the ancestry analysis here has been based on the autosomal genome (i.e., the SNPs on chromosomes 1-22) and not on the sex chromosomes X and Y or the mitochondrial DNA. The reason is basically that the autosome provides information about your overall ancestry.

Since the Y chromosome is inherited only from father to son, it is useful for finding out about your paternal line. Similarly, mitochondrial DNA is inherited from mother to child, so that's good for information on the maternal line. Note however that the paternal and maternal lines are not the sum total of your ancestry. In fact, it is quite possible to have very different mtDNA or Y-DNA ancestry compared to your whole genome.

Anyway, many people are interested in paternal (Y-DNA) haplogroups and maternal (mtDNA) haplogroups. AV requested information on the haplogroups of Harappa Project participants and SB created a spreadsheet where project participants can enter their paternal and maternal haplogroups. I am also pulling that information into my Harappa Participants Ethnicity spreadsheet.

If you tested with 23andme, here are the links to their maternal and paternal haplogroup pages.

Now go ahead and enter your information in the haplogroups spreadsheet.

You might also want to take a look at the Harappa Participants Map.

UPDATE: Please be considerate of others' privacy. Only disclose someone else's information (haplogroups, location, or anything else) if you have explicit permission to do so. Thanks!

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