Tag Archives: bihar

June Update

I have a total of 123 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. Six of those have relatives participating and thus have to be filtered out for most analysis other than individual admixture percentages etc where I divide participants into small groups.

The following groups are represented:

  • South Asian: 90
    • Tamil: 15
    • Punjab: 13
    • Bengal: 9
    • Karnataka: 7
    • Andhra Pradesh: 5
    • Uttar Pradesh: 5
    • Kerala: 5
    • Bihar: 5
    • Gujarati: 4
    • Sindhi: 4
    • Maharashtra: 3
    • Sri Lankan: 3
    • Caribbean Indian: 2
    • Kashmir: 2
    • Romani: 2
    • Goa: 1
    • Rajasthan: 1
    • Baloch: 1
    • Orissa: 1
    • Anglo-Indian: 1
    • Unknown: 1
  • Others: 33
    • Iran: 8
    • Assyrian: 3
    • Kurd: 2
    • Mexican: 2
    • Ashkenazi: 2
    • Northwest European: 2
    • Iraqi Arab: 2
    • Georgian: 1
    • Azeri: 1
    • Kazakh: 1
    • Brazilian: 1
    • Yemen: 1
    • Irish: 1
    • Egypt: 1
    • Gagauz Turk: 1
    • Afro-Belizean: 1
    • Iraqi Mandaean: 1
    • Egyptian/Iraqi Jew: 1
    • French/Madagascar/Indian: 1

Most are 23andme data while 4 are from FTDNA.

We are getting close to 100 South Asian participants.

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April Update

I have a total of 97 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. Six of those have relatives participating and thus have to be filtered out for most analysis other than individual admixture percentages etc where I divide participants into small groups.

The following groups are represented:

  • Tamil: 14
  • Punjab: 10
  • Bengal: 7
  • Iran: 7
  • Karnataka: 6
  • Andhra Pradesh: 4
  • Uttar Pradesh: 4
  • Gujarati: 3
  • Kerala: 3
  • Maharashtra: 3
  • Assyrian: 3
  • Bihar: 2
  • Caribbean Indian: 2
  • Kashmir: 2
  • Sindhi: 2
  • Sri Lankan: 2
  • Iraqi Arab: 2
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Goa: 1
  • Rajasthan: 1
  • Egyptian/Iraqi Jew: 1
  • Baloch: 1
  • Iraqi Kurd: 1
  • Georgian: 1
  • Azeri: 1
  • French/Madagascar/Indian: 1
  • Kazakh: 1
  • Ashkenazi: 1
  • Brazilian: 1
  • Mexican: 1
  • Unknown: 2

Let's try to get to hundred soon.

And yes, I am accepting FTDNA Family Finder (new Illumina chip) now.

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End of March Update

I have a total of 67 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. This is not counting those who have relatives participating and thus have to be filtered out for most analysis other than individual admixture percentages etc where I divide participants into small groups.

The following groups are represented:

  • Tamil: 11
  • Punjab: 9
  • Iran: 7
  • Bengal: 5
  • Uttar Pradesh: 4
  • Andhra Pradesh: 3
  • Kerala: 3
  • Gujarati: 3
  • Bihar: 2
  • Karnataka: 2
  • Caribbean Indian: 2
  • Kashmir: 2
  • Sri Lankan: 2
  • Maharashtra: 2
  • Iraqi Arab: 2
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Goa: 1
  • Rajasthan: 1
  • Baloch: 1
  • Sindhi: 1
  • Iraqi Kurd: 1
  • Egyptian/Iraqi Jew: 1

I need to post analyses of Tamils, Bengalis and Punjabis soon.

Related Reading:

Austroasiatic Dataset

Razib pointed out the paper "Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture" by Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Mait Metspalu, Ying Choi, Reedik Mägi, Irene Gallego Romero, Pedro Soares, Mannis van Oven, Doron M. Behar, Siiri Rootsi, Georgi Hudjashov, Chandana Basu Mallick, Monika Karmin, Mari Nelis, Jüri Parik, Alla Goverdhana Reddy, Ene Metspalu, George van Driem, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Lalji Singh, Maido Remm, Martin B. Richards, Marta Mirazon Lahr, Manfred Kayser, Richard Villems and Toomas Kivisild to me 36 hours ago. And I have their dataset now.

I have been told that the data will hopefully be in the NCBI GEO database soon.

There are a total of 41 samples with 527,319 SNPs in the data. There are Bonda, Savara, Juang and Gadaba from Orissa; Santhal and Asur from Jharkand; Kharia from Chattishgarh; Ho from Bihar; Khasi and Garo from Meghalaya; and some (15) Burmese.

PS. I have created a separate page for references where I link to the papers which led to the datasets I am using.

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Another Update

I have a total of 51 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. This is not counting three people who have relatives participating and thus have to be filtered out for most analysis other than individual admixture percentages etc where I divide participants into small groups.

The following groups are represented:

  • Punjab: 7
  • Iran: 7
  • Tamil: 6
  • Bengal: 5
  • Andhra Pradesh: 2
  • Bihar: 2
  • Karnataka: 2
  • Caribbean Indian: 2
  • Kashmir: 2
  • Uttar Pradesh: 2
  • Sri Lankan: 2
  • Kerala: 2
  • Iraqi Arab: 2
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Goa: 1
  • Rajasthan: 1
  • Baloch: 1
  • Unknown: 1
  • Egyptian/Iraqi Jew: 1
  • Maharashtra: 1

I haven't received data from any new participants for more than a week which is the longest lull since I started Harappa Ancestry Project. So go out there and get people to send me their 23andme raw data.

Also, does anyone know if there are a significant number of South Asians who have done FamilyTreeDNA's Family Finder test? Is there a good overlap of SNPs between their test and 23andme's?

We have enough Punjabis, Iranians, Tamil and Bengalis that they deserve separate analysis posts.

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Project Update

I have a total of 42 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. This is not counting two people who have relatives participating and thus have to be filtered out for most analysis other than individual admixture percentages etc where I divide participants into small groups.

The following groups are represented:

  • Punjab: 7
  • Iran: 6
  • Tamil: 5
  • Andhra Pradesh: 2
  • Bengal: 2
  • Bihar: 2
  • Karnataka: 2
  • Caribbean Indian: 2
  • Kashmir: 2
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Goa: 1
  • Uttar Pradesh: 1
  • Sri Lankan: 1
  • Rajasthan: 1
  • Kerala: 1
  • Baloch: 1
  • Unknown: 1

The unknown is Manu Sporny who has put his genetic data in the public domain and I have drafted him into our project.

In addition, out of curiosity, I have accepted data from the following:

  • Iraqi Arab: 2
  • Egyptian/Iraqi Jew: 1

I know a bunch of you have done a lot to make this project known and gotten people to submit their data. But we really do need more participants of every ethnicity and geographic region in and around South Asia. So keep on!

I am working on K=12 admixture runs for the batches we have already done. In addition, the reference I dataset will be used for even higher values of K admixture components to see where the limit is.

Also, I am looking into doing chromosome by chromosome admixture (and other analysis). I have done some experimental runs and once I have pored over that data, I'll have something to report.

As we have seen, even with the removal of the San and Pygmy, the Africans take up 3 ancestral components and most South Asians (excepting me of course) do not have any African admixture. So I am working on a reference dataset without any Africans. I have my own take on how to do that which I'll share in the next few days.

In short, my home computer is running admixture, plink, eigensoft, etc. 24x7.

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Latest on Participants

I have a total of 31 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. The following groups are represented:

  • Punjab: 7
  • Tamil: 4
  • Iran: 4
  • Andhra Pradesh: 2
  • Bengal: 2
  • Bihar: 2
  • Karnataka: 2
  • Caribbean Indian: 2
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Kashmir: 1
  • Goa: 1
  • Uttar Pradesh: 1
  • Sri Lankan: 1

Keep them coming!

I am going to get some admixture analysis on the second batch (HRP0011 to HRP0020) done this week.

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Participation Update

I have a total of 23 participants in the project right now who have sent me their raw data. The following groups are represented:

  • Punjab: 7
  • Tamil: 4
  • Iran: 3
  • Bengal: 2
  • Andhra Pradesh: 2
  • Bihar: 1
  • Anglo-Indian: 1
  • Roma: 1
  • Karnataka: 1
  • Kashmir: 1

There is still a lot of ethnicities and regions missing. Uttar Pradesh comes to mind as the biggest one.

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Participants So Far

While I am analyzing the data, checking for errors and making sure the results I am getting are valid, here is some information about participants till now.

So far I have got 11 participants send me their raw data. Of these eleven, ten have some South Asian ancestry.

The regions/ethnicities they cover are:

  • Punjab
  • Bengal
  • Bihar
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telegu
  • Anglo-Indian

Of these, Punjabis are the only ones I have multiple samples of. So I definitely need more samples of the other ethnicities. And there are lots of ethnicities/regions I haven't gotten any participants in.

It would be great for this project if we got a few participants from each state/province of India and Pakistan. So if you know someone who is from our target regions and has tested with 23andme, please spread the word.

If you tested with 23andme during their Christmas sale, I am hearing that results are going to start coming in starting today.

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